Myopia and hyperopia, more commonly referred to as nearsightedness and farsightedness respectively, are vision concerns that can typically be corrected with prescription lenses. At Today’s Vision, a thorough eye exam will allow our Humble optometrist, Dr. Jay Pravda, to diagnose your needs and have you seeing better right away.
Myopia is when your see well up close, but you have difficulty seeing things that are further away. This happens because light, which is supposed to focus on your retina directly, instead focuses on the front of your retinas. Risk factors for getting myopia are generally related to genetics. If one parent was nearsighted, you are more prone to it. If both parents had myopia, that increases the chances of you being nearsighted too. Beyond heredity, eye diseases such as keratoconus (a degenerative disease of the cornea) and cataracts can also be the cause of myopia. Be sure to tell our Humble optometrist about your family history as part of your exam.
When light focuses on the back of your retina instead of directly, the result is hyperopia, which means you are able to see things at a distance but not very well up close. Besides heredity, which is a cause of both myopia and hyperopia, you can also develop farsightedness due to retinopathy, an eye disease that sometimes affects people with diabetes. Although eye tumors can lead to hyperopia, this is obviously not a very common cause. Any difficulties with seeing things near to you should motivate you to make an appointment with our Humble optometrist.
There are symptoms of both myopia and hyperopia that you should be aware of. With myopia, blurry vision when trying to focus on things in the distance is a common sign. Others include headaches due to eye strain and difficulties with night driving. Hyperopia is typically marked by blurry vision when focusing on things up close. If you experience any of those signs, you should schedule an exam with our Humble optometrist. A new pair of eyeglasses or contact lenses will usually be all you need to find significant improvement in your visual ability.